Hard to love people and the importance of boundaries

Exploring the Impact of Narcissism on Relationships & Boundaries

NB: Many people are unaware they display narcissistic traits until their behaviors are explored in therapy. Many people who have come through adversity ACE’s as a child may develop narcissistic traits as a means of emotional and physical survival.

I like to come from a place of understanding a person’s story before we place a label on them.

Let’s be clear there is a difference between Clinical Narcissism and Narcistic traits.

DSM narcissism is a clinical disorder; narcissistic traits are personality features; difference lies in severity and impairment.


Understanding the effects of narcissism in relationships is crucial for fostering healthy connections and maintaining emotional well-being.

Being in a relationship who displays Narcissistic strait can be very testing and would send anyone into a fight or flight state.

The following is intended to help with understanding and to help you set boundaries

  1. Narcissism Defined: Unravelling the Traits Narcissism is characterised by an excessive sense of self-importance, a need for admiration, and a lack of empathy. Individuals with narcissistic traits often display a grandiose view of themselves, seek attention and validation, and can struggle with genuine emotional connection.
  2. The Narcissistic Spectrum: From Healthy to Unhealthy Narcissism exists on a spectrum, ranging from healthy self-esteem to pathological narcissism. While a certain level of self-confidence is essential, the more extreme end of the spectrum can lead to toxic dynamics in relationships.
  3. Impact on Relationships: Challenges and Struggles Relationships involving a narcissistic partner can be riddled with challenges. These challenges include manipulation, emotional manipulation, lack of empathy, and a constant need for validation. Narcissistic partners may struggle with compromise and have difficulty recognising their own faults.
  4. Communication Breakdown: Empathy Deficit Empathy is a cornerstone of healthy relationships. Narcissistic traits often come with an empathy deficit, making it challenging for individuals to truly understand and connect with their partners’ emotions. This breakdown in communication can lead to misunderstandings and emotional distance.
  5. Gas Lighting and Manipulation: Twisting Reality Gas lighting, a tactic used by some narcissists, involves manipulating others into doubting their perception of reality. Partners subjected to gas lighting may question their own sanity, leading to feelings of confusion, anxiety, and self-doubt.
  6. Impact on Mental Health: Emotional Toll Being in a relationship with a narcissistic individual can take a toll on one’s mental health. Partners may experience anxiety, depression, and feelings of inadequacy due to the constant need for validation and the manipulation involved.
  7. Self-Care and Boundaries: Protecting Yourself If you find yourself in a relationship with a narcissistic partner, it’s essential to prioritise self-care and set healthy boundaries. Seeking support from friends, family, or a counsellor can provide valuable guidance and emotional validation.
  8. Seeking Change: The Possibility of Growth While addressing narcissistic traits in a partner can be challenging, some individuals are open to change. Therapy, particularly cognitive-behavioural approaches, can help individuals with narcissistic traits develop healthier relationship patterns and enhance their emotional intelligence.
  9. Moving Forward: Healing and Transformation Recognising the impact of narcissism on a relationship is the first step toward healing and transformation. Whether it’s through couple’s therapy, individual counselling, or self-discovery, the journey toward healthier relationships begins with self-awareness.

In conclusion, understanding the effects of narcissism in relationships is vital for maintaining emotional well-being and fostering healthy connections. Recognising the signs, setting boundaries, and seeking support can empower individuals to navigate challenging dynamics and promote growth.

I am constantly being asked what are boundaries?

Examples of personal boundaries are

Personal boundaries are the limits and guidelines we set for ourselves in various aspects of our lives to ensure our well-being, protect our values, and establish healthy relationships. Here are some examples of personal boundaries in different areas:

  1. Physical Boundaries:
    • Not allowing anyone to touch you without your consent.
    • Choosing who you feel comfortable hugging or being physically close to.
    • Declining unwanted physical advances or gestures.
  2. Emotional Boundaries:
    • Sharing personal feelings and emotions with people you trust.
    • Refraining from discussing deeply personal issues with acquaintances or strangers.
    • Communicating when someone’s behaviour or comments have crossed an emotional boundary.
  3. Time Boundaries:
    • Allocating specific time for work, rest, and leisure activities.
    • Politely declining invitations or commitments when your schedule is already full.
    • Setting aside personal time for self-care and relaxation.
  4. Social Boundaries:
    • Choosing the types of social events you attend based on your comfort level.
    • Limiting interactions with individuals who consistently disrespect your values or boundaries.
    • Deciding who you share your personal information within social settings.
  5. Material Boundaries:
    • Lending personal belongings only to people you trust to return them in good condition.
    • Saying no to lending money when you are uncomfortable or unable to do so.
    • Setting limits on sharing resources with others to ensure your own needs are met.
  6. Digital Boundaries:
    • Choosing who you connect with on social media platforms.
    • Limiting the personal information, you share online to protect your privacy.
    • Unplugging from digital devices during specific times to focus on other activities.
  7. Work Boundaries:
    • Communicating your availability for work-related tasks outside of regular working hours.
    • Declining work assignments that exceed your capacity to maintain a healthy work-life balance.
    • Setting limits on communication with colleagues or clients during your personal time.
  8. Relationship Boundaries:
    • Expressing your needs and expectations in a romantic relationship.
    • Defining the level of emotional support, you can provide to friends without becoming overwhelmed.
    • Communicating deal-breakers and non-negotiables in any type of relationship.
  9. Communication Boundaries:
    • Communicating openly and honestly while respecting others’ feelings.
    • Refraining from using hurtful language or making disrespectful comments.
    • Setting limits on how much personal information you’re comfortable sharing in conversation.

Please remember that personal boundaries may vary based on individual preferences, cultural norms, and personal experiences. It’s important to communicate your boundaries clearly and assertively, and to respect the boundaries of others as well. Healthy boundaries contribute to positive relationships and overall well-being.

Navigating the Depths of Desire and Connection in Modern Relationships

Men your performance in the bedroom has little to do with maintaining a long, loving, nurturing relationship. Sex, intimacy, desire begins with the connection & bond you have with your partner.

Ladies your task list has little to do with creating space for love, desire, intimacy, sex connection and bond with you partner.

Note: We are all doing our best with the information we have available to us and most of us are overwhelmed and confused on a daily basis.

Allow me to help you: How do you want to be loved?

In the quest for Identity, Belonging, Sex, Eroticism, Safety, and Mystery, a perplexing reality emerges. Why does the fervour of passionate love often wane, even in relationships where profound affection persists? What compels us to seek fulfilment and joy through extramarital affairs or diverse partners? Can good sex, despite its intensity, truly guarantee genuine intimacy? Contrary to prevailing assumptions, why does an intimate connection not always translate to satisfying sexual encounters?

Amidst these inquiries lies the curious observation of overlooking what lies directly before us. Why does the allure of the forbidden hold such irresistible eroticism? How is it that the act that creates life can also spell both profound intimacy and sexual turmoil for numerous couples? The nuances between love and desire come into focus, raising questions about the interplay of Romanticism versus raw Desire.

Pleasure and connection, at the core of sexual interaction, have roots deeply embedded in desire. Yet, as time stretches within long-term relationships, why does this connection falter? The essence of maintaining desire and connection in these partnerships seems to hinge on two fundamental human needs:

1.     Security, Predictability, Reliability, and Permanence: These facets collectively create the grounding experiences akin to a true HOME.

2.     Novelty, Mystery, Adventure, and Passion: In the intricate dance between security and adventure, the human heart yearns for both familiarity and exhilaration. The call for novelty and passion in a partner persists.

Reflecting on the evolution of relationships, one observes a shift from traditional roles to a modern-day narrative. Where roles were once defined, individuals now navigate uncharted waters, often leading to isolation within commitment. The deeper connection sought eludes many as they grapple with defining their place in this new paradigm.

Amidst this complex tapestry, the longing for Identity, Belonging, Sex, Eroticism, Safety, and Mystery persists. This yearning is juxtaposed against the absence of a clear roadmap and the challenge of effective communication. The 21st century moulds an unprecedented environment where career, marriage, and parenthood coalesce, demanding kindness to oneself as one navigates these unexplored territories.

Within this enigma, the relationship between love and desire takes centre stage. To possess love is to seek desire, which thrives on imagination and concerted effort. In the realm of desire, neediness finds no place; it neither nurtures nor cultivates passion. The distinction between desire and neediness emerges as a pivotal revelation.

As the story of enduring relationships unfolds, the principle of “Serve & Return” emerges as a cornerstone. Selflessness and open communication form the bedrock of successful partnerships, where “we” eclipses “I.” Patience and respect foster connection, while resentment erodes love over time.

In a world accustomed to instant gratification, the notion of taking the stairs, not the escalator, applies to relationships. The journey of sustaining love requires education, patience, persistence, and loyalty. Navigating this path is akin to a dance, one that requires nurturing and bonding over time.

For those embarking on this intricate journey, the doors of couples counselling therapy open as a resource. A professional’s guidance lends strength and momentum to climb the metaphorical stairs, reaching new peaks in love and connection.

In the end, as we all tread through life’s uncertainties, accessing help when available becomes paramount. The pursuit of Identity, Belonging, Sex, Eroticism, Safety, and Mystery continues—a symphony of emotions intertwined with the threads of human connection.

All bookings are made on our website www.dipac.com.au

Link to Brochure and Testimonials https://tinyurl.com/u9xwmj9z

Working on your Positive psychology in the open air “Ecotherapy”

Walk and Talk: now the weather is a little better for getting outdoors, we can resume Walk and Talk.
The majority of us spend our workdays indoors, often with limited opportunities to enjoy the outdoors. Engaging in a leisurely walk while conversing provides an excellent way to unwind and express your thoughts. The sessions are flexible, with the option to divide your time between a 30-minute walking and talking session and a 30-minute session at the DIPAC office.

This experience isn’t intended to be a strenuous activity; rather, it involves a gentle stroll around the Barton suburb suitable for individuals of all fitness levels. Research indicates that spending time outdoors naturally boosts energy and fosters a more positive outlook.

Let’s have a conversation in the open air.

You might be eligible for private health rebates. NDIS participants are also welcome.

Walk & Talk: Walk and talk therapy, often referred to as outdoor therapy or ecotherapy, integrates traditional talk therapy with outdoor physical activity, primarily walking. Rather than being confined to a conventional therapy room, the therapist and client hold sessions while walking in a natural setting, such as the scenic Barton suburb.

The advantages of walk and talk therapy encompass:

Physical well-being: Combining physical activity with therapy yields positive effects on physical health, including improved cardiovascular fitness, heightened energy levels, and decreased stress.

Mental and emotional well-being: Being amidst nature and engaging in physical movement can have a constructive impact on mental and emotional health. It aids in diminishing anxiety, depression, and stress, while fostering relaxation, an improved mood, and mental clarity.

Enhanced self-reflection: Walking in a natural environment sets a tranquil and contemplative ambiance, facilitating introspection about one’s thoughts and feelings. This contributes to greater self-awareness and personal development.

Heightened creativity: Exposure to natural elements outdoors can stimulate creativity and problem-solving skills. The change in surroundings and sensory input can trigger novel perspectives and fresh insights.

Therapeutic alliance: The casual and comfortable environment of walk and talk therapy fosters collaboration and equality between the therapist and client. Walking side by side, as opposed to facing each other in a conventional office, creates an informal and relaxing atmosphere that enhances the therapeutic alliance.

Connection with nature: Spending time outdoors has proven mental health benefits, including stress reduction, mood improvement, and increased feelings of connectedness and well-being. Walk and talk therapy enables individuals to directly experience these advantages, establishing a deeper connection with the natural world.

It’s important to acknowledge that walk and talk therapy might not suit everyone or all therapeutic needs. Physical limitations might prevent certain individuals from participating, while others may prefer the privacy and structure of a conventional therapy setting.

Counseling Therapy sessions last 60 minutes, while Walk and Talk Therapy offers flexibility. You can opt for a full 60-minute walk or split the session into a 30-minute therapy office session and a 30-minute outdoor segment.

Our walk can be a leisurely stroll or a brisker pace, depending on your preference.

Please note: Weather conditions permitting.

What goes around usually comes around at some point…

How did your childhood impact you?

We all have a revision mirror…

I see many adults who have grown up in families where mum and dad where “Yellers” and fight constantly. These grownups are now suffering in their own relationships. Some struggle to emotionally regulate, unable to communicate effectively, they may suffer from anxiety, depression, anger, or have low self-esteem.  Some have developed an intense need to control their environment and others. They have trust issues or have developed poor parenting styles themselves. Some need to excel in their careers by over working, trying to prove their value to others whilst not realising they are not valuing their family. And the cycle starts again….

Childhood trauma can be as a result of being raised in a family where mum yells and dad yells, where there seems to be little peace or mental safety for the child.  If a child grows up in an emotionally unstable environment, the child is very much at risk of suffering “complex trauma”

A child’s body very quickly acts to save themselves “Fight or Flight” the long-term health effects have been well documented.

Yelling at children can have significant emotional and psychological effects on them. While occasional frustration or raised voices might happen in parenting, consistent or intense yelling can be harmful.

Yelling triggers our body’s stress response, which when pinged over and over again can have serious long-term consequences.

Here are some ways in which yelling can impact children emotionally:

1.     Fear and Anxiety: Yelling can create a sense of fear and anxiety in children, making them feel unsafe and insecure at home.

2.     Low Self-Esteem: Frequent yelling can erode a child’s self-esteem and self-worth, leading them to believe that they are not valued or loved.

3.     Insecurity: Yelling can cause children to doubt their abilities and decisions, leading to a lack of confidence and self-assurance.

4.     Aggression and Anger: Children who are consistently yelled at may learn to model the same aggressive behaviour, using yelling as a way to express themselves or cope with stress.

5.     Social and Emotional Development: Yelling can interfere with healthy emotional development, making it difficult for children to express their feelings and navigate relationships.

6.     Communication Issues: Children who are yelled at might struggle with effective communication, as they may not learn healthy ways to express their needs and emotions.

7.     Depression: Ongoing exposure to yelling and a hostile environment can contribute to feelings of sadness and depression in children.

8.     Academic Performance: Emotional distress caused by yelling can impact a child’s ability to focus, learn, and excel academically.

9.     Behavioural Problems: Children might exhibit behavioural issues as a result of feeling overwhelmed by consistent yelling, leading to acting out or defiance.

10.  Emotional Regulation: Being yelled at might hinder a child’s ability to regulate their emotions, potentially leading to emotional outbursts or difficulty managing stress.

11.  Avoidance and Isolation: Some children might develop strategies to avoid situations that trigger yelling, potentially isolating themselves from family interactions.

12.  Long-Term Effects: The emotional effects of being yelled at during childhood can extend into adulthood, impacting relationships, self-esteem, and overall well-being.

It’s important to note that children are sensitive and impressionable, and their emotional well-being is heavily influenced by their early experiences. Creating a nurturing and supportive environment, based on effective communication, understanding, and discipline techniques, is crucial for promoting healthy emotional development and well-adjusted individuals.

Parents and caregivers should strive to model appropriate ways of managing frustration, stress, and anger, while also being attentive to their child’s emotional needs. If a parent finds themselves struggling with anger management, seeking professional help or parenting resources can be beneficial for both the parent and the child.

I have added a few resources to help with understanding:

Childhood (1) Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) – YouTube

How Childhood trauma follows you through life: (1) 7 Ways Childhood Trauma Follow You Into Adulthood – YouTube

Free Parenting Course Online program, research-backed | Positive parenting strategies | Triple P (triplep-parenting.net.au)

The Impact of an Emotionally Unavailable Mother and an Emotionally Distanced Father

Navigating Marriage and Parenting after a Traumatic Childhood: A Journey of Self-Work and Healing

Marriage and parenting are intricate paths to navigate, even more so for individuals who have experienced traumatic childhoods. The echoes of past wounds can reverberate through these roles, influencing emotional connections and interactions. An emotionally unavailable mother or an emotionally distant father, both products of their own histories, can shape the family dynamics in profound ways. However, there is hope and potential for growth through self-work and healing. Ultimately breaking a cycle possibly generations deep.

The Impact of an Emotionally Unavailable Mother

An emotionally unavailable mother can cast a long shadow over her children’s emotional development. This form of unavailability, characterised by a struggle to provide emotional support, empathy, and connection, can manifest in various forms. From being distant and unresponsive to an inability to engage in meaningful emotional interactions, the impact can be profound.

The roots of emotional unavailability often trace back to the mother’s own upbringing, past experiences, personal emotional struggles, or external stressors. While it might not signify a complete lack of care, the challenges in expressing love, validating children’s feelings, or nurturing conversations can hinder emotional growth. A child’s self-esteem, ability to forge healthy relationships, and overall emotional well-being can all be affected by growing up with an emotionally unavailable mother.

Emotional Distance in Fathers and Its Ripple Effect

An emotionally distant father, similarly, rooted in personal history, presents another facet of parenting dynamics. Such a father struggles to connect on an emotional level, leading to difficulties in providing meaningful emotional support or engaging in open and nurturing interactions. Emotional distance can manifest in numerous ways, from struggling to express affection to prioritising other aspects of life over emotional availability.

This emotional distance may emerge from the father’s own upbringing, emotional struggles, societal pressures, or external stressors. Just like an emotionally unavailable mother, emotional distance doesn’t always imply a lack of care; it often results from personal limitations or challenges. However, growing up with an emotionally distant father can significantly impact a child’s emotional growth, self-esteem, and ability to form healthy relationships in adulthood.

The Path of Self-Work for Parents with Trauma Backgrounds

For parents who carry the weight of traumatic childhood experiences, a journey of self-work is imperative. The echoes of their past can seep into their present roles as spouses and parents, potentially shaping their behaviours and interactions. To create a healthier environment for their children and break the cycle of intergenerational trauma, parents must embark on a path of healing and growth.

1.     Healing and Processing: Prioritising their own healing and processing of past traumas is foundational. Seeking therapy, counselling, or joining support groups can aid in addressing unresolved emotional wounds and developing effective coping strategies.

2.     Cultivating Self-Awareness: Parents need to understand how their trauma influences their parenting style, triggers, and emotional reactions. This self-awareness empowers them to make conscious choices and respond thoughtfully to their children’s behaviour.

3.     Emotional Regulation: Managing emotional responses to stressors and triggers is crucial. Parents can learn to regulate their emotions, preventing the unintentional transmission of their emotional struggles to their children. Outbursts of anger is common when someone is not able to emotionally regulate creating a fight or flight response for those around them.

4.     Nurturing Communication: Effective communication skills, including active listening, expressing emotions constructively, and setting boundaries, foster healthier relationships within the family.

5.     Fostering Attachment and Bonding: Creating a safe and nurturing environment, being responsive to children’s needs, and promoting secure attachment styles lay the foundation for healthier parent-child relationships.

6.     Investing in Parenting Education: Seeking guidance from courses, therapy, workshops, books, and online resources tailored to trauma-informed parenting equips parents with insights and strategies.

7.     Realistic Expectations: Setting realistic expectations for themselves and their children is vital. Embracing imperfection and recognising mistakes as opportunities for growth can alleviate undue pressure.

8.     Practicing Self-Compassion: Treating themselves with kindness and understanding during challenges enables parents to avoid self-blame and negative self-judgment.

9.     Modelling Healthy behaviour: Parents become role models for their children, demonstrating healthy coping mechanisms, emotional expression, and conflict resolution.

10.  Embracing Support: Seeking professional help when needed, whether through therapy, counselling, or expert consultation, underscores the commitment to growth and positive change.

The journey of self-work is ongoing, demanding patience and perseverance. By addressing their own trauma and engaging in self-improvement, parents can create an environment that nurtures emotional growth, resilience, and healthier family dynamics. The echoes of past wounds can be transformed into a chorus of healing and transformation, ensuring a brighter future for both parents and their children. Ultimately breaking possible generational toxic behaviours from bleeding into the next generation, your children and your grandchildren.a

Let’s lift the lid and have a conversation on an uncomfortable subject without blame and shame

My desired outcome from writing and sharing these articles is for people to start healthy conversations.


Porn is NOT a sex manual!

Is the porn industry sexually abusing men?

Let’s lift the lid and have the conversation on an uncomfortable subject without blame and shame.

I have added my 100 reasons below to help you make your own decisions.

A typical couples counselling presentation where porn use has become an issue for the couple and potentially the family.

Husband– say’s sex with my wife is just not good enough anymore and she has not fulfilled my sexual desires. Especially when the women look completely different to her. I am just not happy with our sex life.

Wife– say’s It’s really a self-esteem killer for me which spirals into our sex life it’s sad and heartbreaking. I feel he is having an emotional affair watching other naked women in provocative positions and sometimes the acts are cruel and unnatural. He wants me to perform in the bedroom like the girls he watches on porn. I can see our family falling apart.

‘Porn addiction’ isn’t a clinical diagnosis. Currently, it falls under the definition of compulsive sexual behaviour disorder (CSBD) – terminology that was introduced by the World Health Organisation (WHO) in 2018. CSBD is characterised by ‘a persistent pattern of failure to control intense, repetitive sexual impulses or urges resulting in repetitive sexual behaviour’.

The slippery slope of CSBD can have very negative consequences:

In one study of 271 battered women, it was found that 30% of the abusers reportedly used pornography. The study concluded that “the majority of women (58%) whose abusers used pornography acknowledged that the pornography had affected their abuse…

In my capacity as a Therapist I work with men who say

“I thought I would never push or hit a women, but I did” 

Now I’m not saying all porn watches commit potentially heinous crimes. What I am saying however is, be very aware of what and how you are being influenced.

I’m not convinced that people realise just how toxic to the brain some behaviours can be:  Pornography and the process of dehumanizing sexual partners (2020) – Your Brain On Porn

Many serial killers brag about their obsession with porn and the need for the darker the better.

e.g. Ted Bundy and Stephen Port

It can be a very slippery slope for many. Online child sexual exploitation and abuse in Canada: A statistical profile of police-reported incidents and court charges, 2014 to 2020 (statcan.gc.ca)

There is strong evidence of a rise in Domestic abuse and child sexual abuse in direct correlation with the billions of porn sites readily available.

I encourage individuals and couples to have an open conversation about their feelings and attitudes toward porn and its consumption. The effect it has on their relationship, their family and the broader community.

Internet Pornography by the Numbers: A Significant Threat to Society | Webroot

As a Couples Therapist I constantly address potential concerns related to unrealistic expectations in the bedroom, communication issues and the impact of porn on intimacy and sex within relationships.

My concern is that couples are not talking openly about their sexual needs and how they want to feel fulfilled and connected with their partner. Couples would benefit greatly by talking about personal boundaries and bottom liners, these are their personal “non -negotiables”  

I see many couples in their 30’s & 40’s not having sex. One of the major contributing factors is that men are using porn as a means of instant gratification.

Let’s be honest here: Men experience an ejaculation (not a fulfilling euphoric connected orgasm) on their own watching porn, without having to put in the work to connect with their partner. Most men tell me this is not what they want to do, they feel ashamed, dirty and unfulfilled and they certainly do not brag at the pub about their secretive behaviours.

Definitions explained: Ejaculation is the expulsion of semen from the penis. Orgasm is a feeling of intense pleasure, relaxation, and connection that is associated with sexual climax. In most men, orgasm and ejaculation happen simultaneously but they are in fact different physiological events that can occur independently of one another.

Ejaculation vs. Orgasm…what’s the difference? | Maze Men’s Health (mazemenshealth.com)

The number one & two reasons people turn to porn in a committed relationship is: the inability to communicate sexual needs and desires without judgement or they’re living in a sexless relationship.

(A non-sexual relationship defined can be defined as less than 10’ times in one calendar year)

In my professional opinion, the porn industry knows how to target the most vulnerable in the area of sexual needs, being males. In some ways, men could be, being sexually abused by this industry. It promotes the act of disassociation and shame based behaviour also dehumanising humans.

In many cases, normal men start acting unpredictable, irrational, angry, secretive and somewhat not normal. Porn Addiction Symptoms: How to Know If You’re Addicted to Porn (menshealth.com)

The porn industry has changed over the years. It is now full of cruelty, exploitation of women, men and children. There are risks to watching porn, it can and does become an obsession for many:

Internet Pornography by the Numbers: A Significant Threat to Society | Webroot

Excessive porn use can have negative consequences on an individual’s mental, emotional, and physical well-being, as well as their relationships. While the impact can vary from person to person, here are some signs that someone may be using porn too much (note every brain is different some are more effected than others) (1) The Mechanism of Addiction | Your Brain on Porn | Animated Series | Part 1-8 – YouTube

Neglecting Responsibilities: If porn consumption starts to interfere with work, school, or other important responsibilities, it might be a sign of excessive use.

Compulsive Behaviour: Feeling a strong urge or compulsion to watch porn regularly, even when it’s not wanted or needed.

Inability to Control Usage: Being unable to stop or reduce porn consumption despite attempts to do so.

Isolation: Spending excessive time alone watching porn instead of engaging in social activities or spending time with loved ones.

Relationship Problems: If porn use leads to conflicts or dissatisfaction within intimate relationships.

Decreased Productivity: A significant decline in productivity or performance in other areas of life due to excessive porn use.

Neglecting Hobbies and Interests: Losing interest in previous hobbies or activities because of spending more time on porn consumption.

Neglecting Self-Care: Neglecting personal hygiene, eating habits, or sleep patterns due to excessive porn consumption.

Escapism: Using porn as a way to escape from stress, emotions, or real-life problems.

Impact on Sex Life: If porn use starts affecting sexual performance or satisfaction with real-life partners.

Sleep Disturbances: Having trouble falling asleep or staying asleep due to late-night porn consumption.

Feeling Guilt or Shame: Experiencing feelings of guilt, shame, or self-criticism after watching porn.

Persistent Thoughts about Porn: Constantly thinking about or anticipating the next opportunity to watch porn.

Increased Sensitivity to Sexual Content: Becoming increasingly sensitive or desensitised to sexual content, seeking more extreme or explicit material.

Withdrawal Symptoms: Experiencing irritability, restlessness, or anxiety when attempting to cut back on porn consumption.

Neglecting Emotional Intimacy: Relying on porn for emotional intimacy instead of engaging in real-life emotional connections.

Difficulty Concentrating: Experiencing difficulty focusing on tasks or daily activities due to preoccupation with porn.

Using Porn as a Coping Mechanism: Using porn as a way to cope with stress, loneliness, or emotional pain.

Feeling Disconnected: Feeling disconnected or detached from real-life relationships or emotions.

Decline in Mental Health: Experiencing symptoms of depression, anxiety, or other mental health issues due to excessive porn consumption.

Dr Jordan Peterson has expressed concerns about the potential negative effects of excessive pornography use on individuals, particularly men. He has highlighted the following points:

1.     Addiction and Escalation: Peterson has warned about the potential for pornography consumption to become addictive, leading individuals to seek increasingly explicit or extreme content to achieve the same level of arousal. He views this as a concerning trend that can negatively impact relationships and personal well-being.

2.     Reduced Motivation and Ambition: Peterson has expressed concerns that excessive porn use might lead to a decrease in motivation and ambition in some men. He argues that porn can serve as a form of instant gratification that distracts individuals from pursuing meaningful goals and responsibilities.

3.     Impact on Relationships: Peterson has discussed the potential consequences of pornography use on intimate relationships. He suggests that frequent porn consumption may create unrealistic expectations about sex and intimacy, leading to dissatisfaction and conflict within relationships.

4.     Self-Improvement and Responsibility: Peterson advocates for personal responsibility and self-improvement, encouraging individuals to examine their habits and behaviours critically. He often emphasises the importance of taking ownership of one’s actions, including decisions related to media consumption, to lead a more fulfilling life.

(1) Dr. Jordan Peterson Explains The Dangerous Effects of Porn – YouTube

50 potential reasons why some men may choose to watch pornography:

1.     Sexual Gratification: To experience sexual arousal and pleasure and they are aware of the risks

2.     Curiosity: To explore and learn about different sexual acts or scenarios, cruel forbidden or not.

3.     Fantasy, Fairy tales, Imagination: To fulfil sexual fantasies and desires.

4.     Stress Relief: As a way to de-stress or escape from everyday pressures.

5.     Entertainment: To find erotic content for entertainment purposes.

6.     Self-Exploration: To understand one’s own sexual preferences and desires.

7.     Lack of Sexual Activity: When there is a lack of sexual activity or opportunities for intimacy.

8.     Convenience: It provides easy access to sexual content without the need for physical partners.

9.     Peer Influence being a follower: Due to peer pressure or social norms.

10.  Cultural Factors: As a response to cultural attitudes towards sex and sexuality. Can be illegal and forbidden

11.  Body Image: To compare oneself with porn actors or to boost self-esteem.

12.  Lack of Sex Education: Due to inadequate sex education and a desire to learn about sex.

13.  Libido and Hormonal Factors: They believe it may Increase sex drive or hormonal influences.

14.  Emotional Connection: For individuals seeking emotional connection in the absence of physical intimacy.

15.  Loneliness: As a coping mechanism for feelings of loneliness or isolation.

16.  Sexual Exploration: To explore and expand one’s sexual repertoire.

17.  Experimentation: To try out new sexual acts or fetishes in a safe and non-judgmental environment on their own

18.  Sexual Orientation: For individuals questioning or exploring their sexual orientation.

19.  Relationship Satisfaction: To enhance sexual experiences within a committed relationship.

20.  Procrastination: As a form of distraction or procrastination from other tasks.

21.  Accessibility: Availability and anonymity make it easily accessible.

22.  Sexual Performance: To gain insights or tips on improving sexual performance.

23.  Erotic Art: Appreciating the artistic and aesthetic aspects of erotic content without cruelty to another humans body

24.  Sexual Expression: As a form of self-expression and liberation.

25.  Education: To learn about sexual health, consent, and communication.

26.  Cultural Exploration: To understand how different cultures portray and view sexuality.

27.  Empowerment: As a way to feel empowered and in control of one’s desires.

28.  Remedy for Boredom: To pass time or alleviate boredom.

29.  Sexual Compatibility: To assess compatibility with potential partners.

30.  Lack of Sexual Satisfaction: When sexual needs are unfulfilled in a relationship.

31.  Recovering from a Breakup: As a means of coping with a recent breakup.

32.  Enhancement of Masturbation: To enhance solo sexual experiences

33.  Social Norms and Acceptance: To feel accepted or “normal” in one’s sexual preferences.

34.  Experimentation with and without Risk: Trying out new fantasies or scenarios and understands there maybe real-life consequences

35.  Accessibility for Disabled Individuals: It provides sexual content for people with physical disabilities.

36.  Virtual Intimacy: Seeking intimacy in a virtual context.

37.  Coping with Trauma: As a coping mechanism for individuals dealing with past trauma or abuse.

38.  Emotional Release: To experience emotional release through sexual content.

39.  Sexual Identity Exploration: For individuals questioning or exploring their sexual identity.

40.  Privacy: Enjoying sexual content in the privacy of one’s own space.

41.  Control and Dominance: Seeking feelings of control or dominance in a sexual context.

42.  Post-Surgery or Medical Conditions: As a way to maintain sexual pleasure during recovery.

43.  Sexual Inspiration: To spark creativity or inspiration in personal relationships.

44.  Managing Sexual Frustration and Anxiety: To manage their anxiety of sexual frustration or dissatisfaction.

45.  Sexual Repression: As a means of breaking free from sexual repression.

46.  Coping with Stress: To cope with stress through sexual release.

47.  Hormonal Changes: Increased interest in sexual content during hormonal fluctuations.

48.  Exploration of Sexuality Outside of Norms: To explore sexual interests that may be considered outside societal norms.

49.  Sexual Adventure: Seeking excitement and novelty in sexual experiences outside of a committed relationship and opportunity to be aroused and have an emotional affair.

50.  Cultural Acceptance: In cultures or societies where porn consumption is widely accepted or normalised.

 50 potential reasons why some men may choose not to watch pornography:

1.     Personal Values: Some men may have strong personal or religious beliefs that discourage them from watching porn.

2.     Moral Reasons: Moral objections to the content or ethics of the porn industry.

3.     Emotional Intimacy: A preference for seeking emotional intimacy and connection rather than solely sexual gratification.

4.     Cultural Norms: Cultural or societal norms that discourage or frown upon porn consumption.

5.     Family Values: A desire to uphold family values and set a positive example for others. They may have daughters and wish to protect them into the future by not support an industry that exploits women.

6.     Emotional Vulnerability: Avoiding potential negative emotional impacts associated with porn consumption.

7.     Focus on Other Interests: Having other hobbies or interests that take precedence over watching porn they are good at self-management

8.     Time Management: Prioritising time for other activities instead of watching porn.

9.     Relationship Priorities: Focusing on building strong, intimate relationships with partners.

10.  Emotional Well-being: To protect mental and emotional well-being from potential negative effects.

11.  Lack of Interest: A genuine lack of interest in or curiosity about pornography.

12.  Respect for Women: A desire to avoid content that objectifies or exploits women.

13.  Avoiding Addiction: To prevent the development of a porn addiction or compulsive behaviours.

14.  Physical Health: Concerns about the potential negative impact on physical health, such as erectile dysfunction.

15.  Protecting Relationships: Avoiding potential conflicts or trust issues within relationships.

16.  Personal Growth: Prioritising personal growth and self-improvement over porn consumption.

17.  Spiritual Beliefs: Adhering to spiritual beliefs that discourage porn use.

18.  Privacy Concerns: Worries about online privacy and data security associated with porn sites.

19.  Childhood Trauma: Avoiding triggers related to past experiences of childhood trauma.

20.  Sensory Overload: Concerns about overwhelming or desensitizing the senses due to explicit content.

21.  Media Literacy: A conscious effort to critically analyse media consumption, including porn.

22.  Mental Clarity: A desire to maintain mental clarity and focus on daily activities.

23.  Real-Life Intimacy: Focusing on real-life sexual experiences and intimacy with partners.

24.  Parental Responsibilities: Concerns about the potential impact of porn on children or family members.

25.  Personal Discipline: Practicing self-discipline and moderation in media consumption.

26.  Emotional Connection: Seeking emotional connection and bonding with others instead of solely sexual experiences.

27.  Prioritising Emotional Needs: Valuing emotional needs and emotional intimacy in relationships.

28.  Respecting Consent: A commitment to supporting ethical and consensual content in media consumption.

29.  Mindfulness: Engaging in mindfulness practices and being intentional about media choices.

30.  Healthy Body Image: Avoiding content that may contribute to unrealistic body image expectations.

31.  Avoiding Guilt or Shame: To prevent feelings of guilt or shame associated with porn use.

32.  Sex Education Alternatives: Seeking sex education from reputable sources outside of pornography.

33.  Relationship Satisfaction: Believing that porn consumption may negatively impact a relationship connection and bond

34.  Focus on Emotional Connection: Prioritising emotional connection over physical visual hyperarousal.

35.  Protecting Mental Health: To safeguard mental health and emotional well-being from potential harm.

36.  Prioritising Real-Life Experiences: Valuing real-life experiences and interactions over virtual dissociative content.

37.  Maintaining Respectful Attitudes: To maintain respectful attitudes towards women and others in sexual contexts.

38.  Avoiding Emotional Disconnection: Concerns that porn use may lead to emotional disconnection and a sexless relationship with their partner

39.  Ethical Concerns: A commitment to supporting industries that align with personal ethical beliefs. They understand with the rise of the porn industry, there is also an increase of Domestic Violence and Child sex abuse.

40.  Emotional Vulnerability: To avoid emotional vulnerability associated with porn content.

41.  Prioritising Emotional Intimacy: Prioritising emotional intimacy and communication with partners.

42.  Media Literacy Education: Education on the potential impact of media consumption on attitudes and behaviours.

43.  Focus on Self-Love: To focus on self-love and acceptance without comparing to unrealistic standards.

44.  Emotional Health: Prioritising emotional health and avoiding potential triggers from porn content.

45.  Respecting Partner’s Boundaries: Respecting a partner’s discomfort or boundaries regarding porn consumption.

46.  Mental Clarity: To maintain mental clarity and avoid feelings of mental fog.

47.  Personal Empowerment: Empowering oneself to make conscious choices about media consumption.

48.  Avoiding Addictive Behaviours: To prevent engaging in potentially addictive behaviours.

49.  Personal Growth and Goals: To focus on personal growth and achieve life goals.

50.  Fulfilment from Other Sources: Finding fulfilment and satisfaction from other sources beyond pornography